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The Basics of a Heat Pump

A heat pump transfers heat from one place to another. A low-temperature reservoir is at 270 K (-3 degC) and the interior of a building is at 280 K (7 degC). For every joule of heat transferred from the low-temperature reservoir to the interior of the building, 1 joule of work is performed. The transferred thermal energy is then used by the building. Ultimately, 28 joules are added to the interior of the building for every joule of heat transferred.

Energy efficiency of a heat pump

The SEER rating of a heat pump measures the efficiency of the cooling system. It is a standard measure of efficiency, similar to that of residential air-source central air conditioners. The higher the SEER rating, the more energy-efficient the system is. This efficiency score is based on the amount of heat a heat pump removes from a home over the course of the cooling season. It takes into account the varying temperatures in a home during the cooling season.

The efficiency of a heat pump is largely dependent on its sizing. A smaller heat pump is less efficient than a larger one. Larger heat pumps switch on and off frequently, which decreases their efficiency.

Cost of a heat pump

The cost of a heat pump depends on a number of factors. The first is the size of your home. A heat pump for a 1,500-square-foot home will run about $16,933; a heat pump for a 2,000-square-foot home will run about $19,117. Another factor is the number of zones in your home. For example, the cost of a single-zone heat pump can run $7,100, while a five-zone heat pump costs $26,573. Installation costs per square foot usually range from four to six dollars per square foot.

When asking about the price of a heat pump, it’s best to ask a contractor for an estimate. The contractor will install the new system in your home. TheĀ Heat Pump contractor will purchase genuine new HVAC equipment and perform the skilled labor necessary to get it installed and up and running.

Variable-speed compressors

Variable-speed compressors for heat pumps offer a range of benefits over conventional models. Not only do they improve indoor climate control during cold weather, but they also use less energy and reduce stress on the compressor. These benefits make variable-speed heat pumps a smart choice for home heating and cooling needs, even in the coldest months.

Variable-speed compressors use inverter technology to adjust compressor speed to match the indoor temperature. This helps reduce energy consumption and reduce impact on the electrical grid. Variable-speed systems have higher customer satisfaction rates and improve energy efficiency. In fact, some rebate programs require the use of variable-speed heat pumps.


Noise from a heat pump can be an annoyance in many residential settings. Heat pump units operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week, generating high noise levels. These noises are above the limit stipulated in China’s national standard for acoustic quality (GB-3096).

While this noise may be harmless, it can also be an indicator of a more serious problem. It can mean that the compressor, motor, or other components are faulty. It can also be due to electrical arcing between circuits. While it is important to call a technician, homeowners who experience noise from a heat pump should also be aware of the warning signs.